Pharmacological treatment of prostate inflammation is considered to be the most effective. It can start at any stage of the disease.
Medication includes many medications for treating prostatitis at home.
This includes tetracyclines and penicillins. Their purpose depends on the current form of the disease. Experts also focus on the type of inflammation -- recurrence or worsening. Antibiotics work to eliminate the infection. Drugs are used in suppositories, ointments, tablets, injections.
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
The ingredients in these medicines are diclofenac and ketoprofen. Initially used to reduce swelling and relieve pain.
This type of preparation relaxes the muscles of the urethra. They do not treat prostatitis, but eliminate the symptoms caused by the inflammatory process.
Medications to relieve pain. The muscles of the perineum become smooth and relaxed after taking this medication. Also at home, urination is normal.
Designated to soothe musculature, muscles. Experts recommend that men take dimethoate twice a day - in the morning and before bed.
Macronutrients and Vitamins
In the treatment of prostatitis, the immune status is important. Symptoms may be worse if the immune system is lowered. Vitamins and essential elements are important for the male body.
zinc. It can be purchased at pharmacies. It is a natural immune modulator. Adult men are almost always deficient in zinc. A lack of this essential element can lead to urinary tract problems. Zinc is also present in food (red meat).
Vitamin A. With medication, doctors always prescribe vitamin A. It helps restore the prostate and normalizes testosterone synthesis. It is found in pumpkin and eggs.
These drugs normalize the function of the genitourinary system.
What else can you eat with prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis is usually based on medication. They are effective, but in any case, the duration of treatment is at least one month. It sometimes takes about a year to treat prostatitis because the neglected disease can affect third-party organs of the genitourinary system.
Doctors don't just prescribe antispasmodics and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Also consider antidepressants and hormonal medications. The former need support for the men's nervous systems because when they hear a diagnosis of "prostatitis, " they start to worry about their bankruptcy. It is best to eliminate the obvious symptoms of prostatitis at home with the help of high-quality medicines, because the nervous system of men is prone to psychosis and neurosis at this time.
Hormonal medications prescribed by doctors can correct a man's hormonal background. Prostatitis significantly "kills" the entire genitourinary system. Therefore, it is important to seek medical help and start treatment (medication) promptly.
Medical treatment of an inflamed prostate should be comprehensive. Two or three drugs with different effects are prescribed. Each of them affects certain functionality. After the first dose of the drug, a reduction in pain and a burning sensation in the perineum can already be observed. A week later, the man noticed that his nighttime sleep had become more restful after the initial prostatitis treatment.
Treatment is based on antibiotic therapy. Based on the man's complaints and his medical history, the urologist developed a medication regimen that would make the man's life easier as quickly and gently as possible.
Any medication for prostatitis can be treated at home. Some medicines are prescribed by doctors, and the rest can be purchased freely. Treatment at home has a beneficial effect on the course of the disease. The most important thing for a man is to take the medicine on time and follow all the advice of the doctor.
Antibiotics for the treatment of chronic and acute prostatitis in men
Inflammation of the prostate is usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection. Therefore, drug treatment is based on the use of antibacterial agents. Basically, provide the patient with anti-inflammatory treatment, which will destroy the root cause of the prostate infection. The treatment of acute and chronic prostatitis is fundamentally different. Adaptive and effective treatment can only be prescribed by a qualified urologist with knowledge of the patient's medical history.
What antibiotics are available for the treatment of prostatitis in men, what are the characteristics of the course of chronic prostatitis, and a list of effective drugs for prostatitis, you will find out in this article.
Antibiotics for prostatitis in men: the role of the drug
Most men believe that prostatitis is difficult to treat and that medication can adversely affect the overall state of the body. To a certain extent, this is true if the disease is not treated in time. Acute prostatitis can be treated for up to two weeks, chronic untreated for 14-28 days.
The role of antibiotics in the treatment of prostate inflammation is enormous. According to statistics, 95% of prostatitis is caused by infection (virus, bacteria). It is an antibiotic that can destroy pathogenic microbial communities. Basically, when a disease is diagnosed, a small set of antibiotics are prescribed. If doctors cannot determine the underlying cause of the disease, the patient is first prescribed a broad-spectrum drug.
Antibiotics help suppress pathogens that cause inflammation. It should be pointed out immediately that such drugs do affect the function of the liver, kidneys and heart. It is for this reason that it is worth first examining the body in detail and then treating it.
In addition to antibacterial treatments, doctors may prescribe vitamin complexes to better function of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, and kidneys, as antibiotics have many side effects.
But with the right course, you can cure prostatitis with no damage and no new conditions.
Antibiotic Treatment of Chronic Prostatitis: How to Get Started
Of course, the treatment process begins with a diagnosis. Why can't I self-medicate? The nature of prostate inflammation may vary. Infections are also different. Prostate inflammation can be caused by:
- Escherichia coli;
- Staphylococcus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia (venereal microorganisms);
At the time of diagnosis, the patient is invited to undergo a PCR test. It helps identify pathogenic microorganisms that cause inflammation. And only after it's been identified, antibiotic therapy in the narrower sense will be prescribed, especially those most sensitive to the bacteria detected.
Urologists also prescribe blood tests, urine tests, patients should take bakposev, etc. Antibacterial agents that locally affect the underlying cause of inflammatory pathogens can only be selected after a good diagnosis has been made. After all, there are many drugs in the antibacterial group, which will be discussed later.
Treating Prostatitis With Antibiotics: How To Treat It
Antibiotics are the most effective means of fighting prostatitis.
With this medication, patients may feel relief the next day because the drug acts quickly on the affected area, reducing swelling, lowering temperature, and improving urination.
But don't forget some rules that can't be ignored when treating diseases with antibiotics:
- You cannot interrupt the course of treatment. The order must be obeyed until the last day. Many men feel better within 5-7 days but refuse to take their medication. In this case, the patient is guaranteed to relapse;
- If the antibiotic of choice does not provide relief on the third day, you should contact your doctor immediately to change the medication with another one. The advantage of antibiotics is that the results of treatment can be seen almost from the first day of treatment;
- If the patient seeks a second course of prostatitis, the antibiotics previously prescribed can no longer be used. Therefore, in order to provide correct information, it is worth remembering the name of the drug.
Treating chronic prostatitis is not an easy task, as you need to choose the right antibiotic that most strongly affects the desired pathogenic microorganisms. We provide a list of medications that can help patients recover quickly.
Preparations for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis
The most common urological disorders in men over the age of 30 are prostate inflammation and benign hyperplasia. The inflammatory process that captures glandular tissue is called prostatitis, while the growth of glandular tissue is called adenoma. Often, a patient can be diagnosed with prostate adenoma and prostatitis. Prostate adenomas put pressure on the urethra and ejaculatory ducts, which can lead to the development of inflammation. In addition, an enlarged prostate compresses the rectum, causing patients to have difficulty defecation and long-term constipation.
Drug options for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis
Urologists deal with disorders of the male reproductive system. The inflammatory process of the prostate is a serious and painful condition that can become chronic if left untreated. Chronic prostatitis is more difficult to treat than acute prostatitis, so it is in the patient's interest to seek immediate medical attention. Adenomas increase with age, and tumor growth is particularly active after age 45-50. Adenomas and associated prostatitis cause:
- Violation of urine flow;
- frequent urination, including at night;
- Urgent urge to urinate, involuntary urination;
- pain during ejaculation;
- Reduced potency, impotence;
- urinary retention;
- A feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder;
- fecal retention;
- blood in the urine;
- Urine smell in the mouth;
- Violation of defecation, constipation;
- Loss of appetite.
The severity of symptoms depends on the size of the tumor and the intensity of the inflammatory process. Cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) can occur if the inflammatory process begins to spread to the urinary system. This can lead to kidney failure. You are responsible for your own health, as prostatitis and adenomas are accompanied by painful and unpleasant symptoms. For treatment, you cannot use any folk methods, only the help of a professional doctor can help to deal with these diseases without any consequences. The attending physician who knows the full medical history of a particular patient should choose the drug. The dose and duration of the dosing session are calculated separately.
A Comprehensive Approach to the Treatment of Prostatitis and Adenomas
Benign prostatic hyperplasia and accompanying inflammation are prevalent in men over the age of 40, therefore, for preventive purposes, annual urologist examinations are recommended, after age 60 - every six months. Therefore, prostate adenomas can be detected in time and their development monitored dynamically. Before prescribing a drug for prostatitis and prostate adenoma, you need to:
- Transrectal ultrasonography of the glands;
- Analysis of prostate specific antigen (PSA).
Urologists also evaluate:
- residual urine volume;
- Urine flow rate.
The patient's chief complaint and his general condition must be considered. Prostatitis with adenoma in most cases is not contagious, but is caused by a stagnant process in the prostate. Therefore, the sooner the growth of the adenoma stops, the sooner the prostatitis will go away. Treatment can be conservative or surgical. The final decision can only be made by a physician who sees the entire clinical situation. Acute inflammatory processes in prostate tissue can lead to severe deterioration, severe pain, and incapacity in patients.
Conservative treatment consists of using both emergency and long-term medications:
- Rectal suppositories with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties;
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitor;
- laxatives to facilitate bowel movements;
- Diuretics to improve urine flow and prevent cystitis and pyelonephritis;
- Antispasmodics relax smooth muscles;
- Muscle relaxants reduce pelvic floor muscle tone;
- Micro-enemas containing anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs;
- NSAIDs in tablets or injections;
- Non-narcotic or opioid pain relievers.
Each group of emergency-action drugs has many names, and it is up to the doctor to choose the treatment. You cannot treat prostatitis and prostate adenoma on your own because they are serious and dangerous conditions. All fast-acting drugs, such as pain relievers, do not affect the cause of the disease and do not help reduce benign growths. Prostatitis can only be eliminated when the prostate volume can be normalized. In severe cases, hospitalization and a urinary catheter may be required. With the rapid growth of the adenoma and progressive urinary retention, you will need to agree to surgery. One of the dangerous complications of adenoma and prostatitis is difficulty defecation. Due to the secondary absorption of urine and feces, the patient is poisoned and normal metabolism is disturbed. Therefore, the priority areas of treatment are normalization of defecation and urination, pain relief and elimination of inflammatory processes.
How to eliminate adenoma and prostatitis?
The sooner a patient starts treatment, the faster and easier the recovery will be. There are 2 groups of drugs that treat prostatitis and prostate adenomas with long-term effects:
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitor.
These drugs have side effects and contraindications. Therefore, you need to inform your urologist of all existing chronic diseases and other medications the patient is taking.
The key task of treatment is the normalization of urination. Urine outflow is affected by increased size and increased tone of prostate smooth muscle. Alpha-blockers make sympathetic nerve endings less sensitive to epinephrine and norepinephrine. In patients with prostate adenomas, the activity of nerve fibers increases, which causes spasms and tension in the smooth muscles surrounding the prostate.
The following effects can be achieved with alpha-blockers:
- relax the bladder neck;
- relax the muscles of the prostate;
- reduce urinary flow resistance;
- Urine freely passes through the prostatic urethra.
Alpha-blockers have a cumulative effect and take 2-4 weeks to relieve the patient's condition. Medically, these drugs are also used to lower blood pressure, so side effects of taking them include:
- Decreased performance, fatigue.
There are more than 60 names for this group of drugs. The choice of a particular drug is made by the attending physician based on the patient's general health. The course of treatment is long and in some cases lifelong.
5-alpha reductase inhibitor
The second task of drug therapy for prostate adenomas and prostatitis is to stop tumor growth. Prostate tissue increases with the involvement of testosterone. 5-alpha reductase is an enzyme that chemically converts testosterone into another hormone, group II, testosterone. Digistestosterone has a stronger effect on androgen receptors in prostate tissue. An inhibitor is a substance that completely blocks a chemical reaction by trapping an active enzyme. A 5-alpha reductase inhibitor partially neutralizes groundtestosterone, resulting in reduced adenoma growth rates. Long-term use of the drug can produce the following results:
- The adenoma is stable in size and then begins to change downward;
- normalization of urine output;
- Eliminates the inflammatory process of the prostate.
For significant results, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors must be used for at least 3-6 months. Mostly, they are prescribed to patients whose prostate volume exceeds 30-40 milliliters. Possible reproductive system side effects due to lack of testosterone:
- Decreased erection quality;
- erectile dysfunction;
- Ejaculation disorders;
- Decreased semen volume during ejaculation.
Clinical experience shows that after the first year of use of the drug, all side effects either disappear or become less intense.
A urologist will help you choose the most appropriate option for each patient. If side effects occur, you should discuss your medical condition with your doctor so that the dose or course of treatment can be adjusted. Prostate adenomas and prostatitis patients are at increased risk of developing adenocarcinoma and should therefore be treated promptly, with preventive examinations every six months by seeing a urologist.